- What is diabetes mellitus
- Role of pancreas in diabetes mellitus
- Types of diabetes
- Physiology behind
- List of foods for diabetes
- Home remedy for diabetes mellitus
What is diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that result in an increase in blood sugar due to the inability of the hormone insulin to utilise glucose.
Untreated high level of blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
Role of Pancreas in diabetes mellitus
The pancrease secretes the hormones responsible for the regulation of blood glucose. These hormones are secreted from the Islet of Langerhans in the pancreas. These hormones include:
- Insulin: insulin is secreted from the islet of langerhan and it causes a decrease in blood glucose level. A decrease in or absence of secretion of insulin cause the metabolic disease diabetes mellitus.
- Glucagon: glucagon is secreted from the islet of langerhan and it causes an increase in blood glucose level. Hypersecretion of glucagon may leads to hyperglycemia(increased blood glucose level), stimulate lypolysis(breakdown of fatty acids) and glucose intolerance.
Types of diabetes
1. Type 1 diabetes: this is a chronic condition characterised by lack of secretion of insulin.
Symptoms may include:
The Whole body: excessive thirst, fatigue, hunger, or sweating
The Gastrointestinal system: nausea or vomiting
The Urinary system : bed wetting or excessive urination
Some common symptoms: blurred vision, excess sleepiness, fast heart rate, headache, or weight loss
- Insulin therapy
2. Type 2 diabetes
In type 2 diabetes this is a chronic condition characterised by little or no secretion of insulin.
The symptoms include:
The Whole body: excessive hunger, excessive thirst, or fatigue
Some common symptoms: frequent urination, blurred vision, poor wound healing, or weight loss
- medication and
- insulin therapy.
Physiological basis of diabetes
After a meal there is an increase in blood glucose level but due to absence or little secretion of insulin. The glucose can not be converted to glycogen. This continues up to a dangerous stage. But in a normal person after a meal there will be an increase in blood glucose level but due to secretion of insulin the glucose are been converted and stored as glycogen for future use in hunger state.
List of foods for diabetes
Extra-Virgin Olive Oil
Apple cider vinegar
Chicken and other poultry
100% Whole Wheat bread
Organic Tofu & Tempeh
Home remedy for diabetes
Some of the home remedies that can help with diabetes. These remedies are not a sure way in the treatment of diabetes. Please make sure you talk to your physician first before trying any of this especially if you are already on medication
- Apple Cider Vinegar
The number one compound in ACV is acetic acid and is thought to be accountable for many of its health advantages. There are many proof-based methods to the use of ACV. Taking 2 tablespoons earlier than bedtime can lessen your morning fasting sugar degrees. Even better, 1-2 tablespoons of ACV fascinated with food can lower the glycemic load of a carbohydrate wealthy meal.
- Fiber and Barley
Ingesting fiber decreases blood sugar and insulin concentrations. The recommended amount of fiber is around 30 grams per day. Maximum individuals get around 6-8 grams, which isn’t always nearly sufficient. Even as you may take fiber dietary supplements like Metamucil (psylium husk), the first-rate manner to reach your goal is to consume your greens! Barley is a excessive-fiber, excessive-protein grain which has lots of statistics to assist its position in assisting enhance blood sugar, insulin, cholesterol and well known irritation. Barley does now not requiring soaking and usually can cook in less than 15 minutes at the range pinnacle with just a few water and salt.
Particularly located in brewer’s yeast, deficiency in chromium impairs the metabolism of glucose. Evidence supports chromium for lower blood sugar and A1c degrees. Be cautious when you have kidney disorder with this supplement.
People with diabetes are normally found to be zinc deficient. Studies have proven zinc supplementation can reduce blood sugar and A1C, have an antioxidant impact, decrease blood sugar or even assist treat a number of the headaches related to diabetes. Massive doses of zinc can inhibit the absorption of other minerals like copper, so make certain to ask for guidance of the precise dosing.
- Aloe Vera
The sap of burn plant is understood for its laxative impact. Consequently, make certain to get the juice of the gel! There’s increasing evidence for use of the gel, that’s the mucilaginous material within the leaves. Ensure that any product you purchase is freed from aloin or anthraquinones to avoid finding yourself in the toilet!
This is one among my all-time favored botanicals discovered in flowers consisting of goldenseal, barberry, Oregon grape root and Coptis. Modern-day proof helps its use for decreasing blood sugar and hba1c. Be aware that this herb can interfere with metabolism of traditional pharmaceuticals and must never be taken even as pregnant.
A medically useful indulgence to assist lower your blood sugar and levels of cholesterol.
A seed normally used as a food spice has been used abroad for centuries for its scientific advantages to decrease cholesterol and hba1c. If your urine smells like maple syrup, no longer to fear, this is a known side effect and is harmless.
Used for hundreds of years in India, proof is catching as much as its scientific use showing advantages for glucose metabolism, insulin degrees and as an adjunct to enhance the outcomes of conventional pharmaceuticals. Be aware, due to the fact this botanical works synergistically along with your meds, you need to display your blood sugar intently to avoid having hypoglycemia.
Ever see nopales at your preferred Mexican eating place? Now you could organize them and, relaxation assured, you’re selecting a food that assist lower your blood sugar. Nopales are the pads of the prickly pear cactus and whilst cooked right are delicious!
We have come to the end of this post. I hope you have learned one or two things about diabetes mellitus and it’s causes and symptoms. Feel free to comment below what you learned about diabetes mellitus.