How to prevent cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) these are group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels that normally include:

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  • Tetralogy of fallot: Four abnormalities of heart occurs in an individual
  • Coronary heart disease: this is the disease of blood vessels supplying the heart muscle
  • Peripheral artrial disease: disease of blood vessels supplying the upper and lower limbs
  • Cerebrovascular disease: this is the disease of the blood vessels that supplies the brain
  • Rheumatic heart disease: this is characterized by the damage of heart muscle and heart valves that results from rheumatic fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria
  • Congenital heart disease: malformation of the structure of the heart that occurs right from birth
  • Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: blood clot in the veins of the legs and can eventually move to the heart and the lungs.

Risk factors of cardiovascular disease

Behavioral factors

Behavioral risk factors result in: high blood pressure, high sugar level, high blood lipids, being overweight and obesed. All of these results from:

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Use of tobacco
  • Alcohol abuse

Some of the risk factors has to do with social, economic, globalization, urbanization and population age. Other risk factors include, poverty, stress, and hereditary factors.

Common symptoms of cardiovascular disease

Normally there are no symptoms that underly cardiovascular disease. A heart attack or stroke gives the sign of cardiovascular disease. Some of the symptoms of heart attack include:

  • Pain accompanied by discomfort, usually at the center of the chest
  • Pain or discomfort in the lower and upper limbs, jaws and back.
  • Dyspnea (difficulty in breathing)
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Back Pain
  • Jaw pain

Some of the common symptoms of strokes include: sudden weakness of the face, both the limbs usually on one side of the body. Other symptoms include

  • Confusion
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding speech
  • Difficulty seeing with one or both eyes
  • Difficulty walking
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Unconsciousness
  • Severe headache

How can cardiovascular disease be prevented?

There are many things that can be done in order to help you prevent the risks of cardiovascular disease. Some of the things that can be done includes:

  • Maintain a normal blood pressure: high blood pressure is one of the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Maintain a normal cholesterol and triglyceride levels: high level of cholesterol can cause a clog that eventually leads to atherosclerosis, while high level of triglyceride can cause coronary artery disease usually in women.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Being obesed is one of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Being obesed is associated with high cholesterol level, high triglyceride level, high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Eating healthy: eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and whole grains, but avoid saturated fats, foods that are high in sodium and derived sugars.
  • Increased physical activity: exercise regularly at least for 30minute everyday.
  • Avoid alcohol abuse: too much of alcohol can cause increase blood pressure and also cause weight gain. Which are one of the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Avoid smoking: smoking of cigarettes cause increase in blood pressure and expose you to the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Avoid or manage stress: stress is one of the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases because it cause increase in blood pressure.
  • Manage diabetes: Having diabetes increases your risk of having diabetic heart disease due to high blood sugar that eventually damage the blood vessels and the nerves that control the heart and blood vessels.
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We have come to the end of how to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

If you learn something new here don’t hesitate to share it here in the comment section below.

Is there something we omit and you thought we should include it? Tell us in the comment section below.

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Published by healthpharma

The creator of Amphy Motivation, Amphysite, a student pharmacist, writer, online entrepreneur, blogger and motivator

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