How is diabetes and hypertension related? Everything you need to know

Content

  • What is high blood pressure
  • What causes high blood pressure
  • Types of hypertension
  • Symptoms
  • How is diabetes and hypertension related?
  • Treating high blood pressure in diabetes
  • Home remedies for hypertension/high blood pressure

Does high blood pressure and diabetes go hand in hand?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Is a condition characterised by increased blood pressure to a abnormal level. This has to do with the lateral pressure exerted by a flowing blood on the wall of the arteries. This occur as a result of narrowing of the the blood vessels thereby causing an increase resistance to blood flow by the arteries.
While diabetes on the other hand is a metabolic disease of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by inability of the body to utilize blood sugars due to the little amount or absence of insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of blood sugar level.
Learn more about diabetes Here

What causes high blood pressure

Hypertension is of two type, each with its own unique courses:

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension also known as essential hypertension. The cause of this hypertension is uncertain up till now. But scientists have come up with some possible cause of this type of high blood pressure, this includes:

Genetic factors: This has to do with the sudden changes in your genetic make up or as a result of genetic disorders being inherited from your parents

Physical changes: This has to do with physical changes that may take place in your body which will subsequently leads to high blood pressure.

Environmental factors: This is related with your lifestyle Choices, poor diet choice and some physical activities you engaged yourself in. Also being over weight may increased the risk of you been hypertensive.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension is different from primary hypertension, in that it occurs quickly and have a more severe effect than the primary hypertension. Causes of secondary hypertension includes:
Side effects of medications
Use of illegal drugs
Use of ADH (antidiuertics)
Kidney disease
Thyroid problems
Chronic use of alcohol
Adrenal gland problem
Obstructive sleep apnea
Congenital heart defects

Symptoms of hypertension

Normally hypertension is asymptomatic from the onset, so it may be difficult to identify high blood pressure from the beginning. But a regular blood pressure check by your doctor may help in early detection of high blood pressure.
Symptoms that are associated with hypertension when it becomes severe includes:
Headache
Dyspnea
Nosebleed
Flushing
Dizziness
Chest pain
Visual changes
Blood in the urine

Severe form of hypertension is fatal. Never wait to experience these aforementioned symptoms before you take action. Take action as early as possible.

How is diabetes and hypertension related?

So how does high blood sugar affect blood pressure?
Diabetes as we have mentioned earlier is a metabolic disease of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by inability of the body to utilize blood sugars due to the little amount or absence of insulin.
Learn more about diabetes Here
Diabetes affect blood pressure, because in diabetes the arteries are damaged which make them prone to atherosclerosis (a condition characterised by blocked arteries). As a result this leads to an increase in blood pressure (hypertension). When this condition is left untreated it will metastasized into complicated conditions like blood vessel damage, heart attack and kidney failure.

Treating high blood pressure in diabetes

ACE INHIBITORS:
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are medications that slow (inhibits) the activity of the enzyme ACE, subsequently this leads to decrease in production of Angiotensin 11, as a result there is dilation of the blood vessels and a decreased blood pressure.

ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR BLOCKERS
DIURETICS:this includes some medicines like losartan and irbesartan, Valsartan and candesartan

BETA BLOCKERS: Also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. They are medications that help reduce blood pressure. They exert their effect by inhibiting the action of the hormone epinephrine also known as adrenaline.

CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS: they are drugs used in lowering blood pressure. They exert their effect by slowing the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels wall.

Home remedies for hypertension/high blood pressure

High blood pressure causes can be suppressed or control by some of your lifestyle and physical activities in which you engage yourself.
Some of these home remedies include:
Healthy diet: having a healthy diet will help suppress and control the causes of hypertension. A healthy diet may include foods like: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins like fish

Increased physical activity: Physical activity like exercise will help reduce stress lower blood pressure and help strengthen your cardiovascular system.
Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day is highly recommed to live a healthy lifestyle.

Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or obesed increase your risk of being hypertension.
Try to maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly.

Other activities include: meditation, deep breathing, massage, muscle relaxation, yoga or tai chi

We have come to the end of how diabetes and hypertension is related.
What is one similarity you learn about diabetes and hypertension? Comment in the comment section below.

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Published by healthpharma

The creator of Amphy Motivation, Amphysite, a student pharmacist, writer, online entrepreneur, blogger and motivator

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